The infrastructure law and the still-pending Build Back Better bill would inject record-breaking amounts of federal funding into energy research, development and deployment.

(You can see the one-time bump in funding from the 2009 Recovery Act, which at the time was a historic amount of clean-energy investment.)

Most of the funding on this chart comes from the infrastructure law, though, as we note in the accompanying column, the clean energy tax provisions in the BBB function best when paired with the R&D funding from the infrastructure law—and vice versa.